There are a number of ways to House Train your puppy or dog. One that we would like to highlight is that of observation and restriction. This involves the use of an indoor Crate or creating a restricted area in which to place your puppy when you are unable to keep a close eye on them. The principle behind this is that they will associate this restricted area as a 'bed' and not a toilet area. Therefore when the puppy or dog is not in the restricted area that you have designated, you must be prepared to keep him or her under close observation at all times, with a view to preventing any soiling or urinating.

Watching your dog’s body language is the key to catching them before they are able to soil in the house. One prominent feature is sniffing at the ground.  Sometimes they will start to circle or they may suddenly increase or decrease the pace at which they are walking.  They may also attempt to squat, or even become agitated.

The best way to recognise your dogs particular tell-tale signs that they wish to relieve themselves, is again through close observation. When your puppy or dog does go to the toilet, make a point of remembering their body language, movement and the behaviour displayed, prior to relieving themselves.

Once you recognise this body language you will then be able to prevent any soiling by ushering them to the area that you wish them to go to. Always praise your puppy when it goes to the toilet in this area. It is a good idea to carry out a training routine using a word of command such as “out”, so your puppy understands that you wish them to go outside, even at times when they do not need to go to the toilet. If you do this, it will be far easier for them to comply without any confusion.

Give a word of command such as “Toilet” as your puppy is relieving itself in the appropriate place. Once they associate this word with going to the toilet, you may well be able to stimulate your puppy/dog into relieving itself when it hears this command.

Other factors, in preventing soiling are that of cycles and routine. Your puppy or dog may well go to the toilet at regular times (ie after feeding or waking up from a period of sleep).  Again, observation and making note of these routines and cycles will benefit you greatly in House Training. You can actually create these routines, by active use of the Crate or restricted area that you have designated for your dog to sleep in.

Always make sure that if you are unable to keep your puppy or dog under close observation, that you place them in their restricted area where they are less likely to soil. Each time you allow them out of this area, use your word of command to tell them to go out to the area where you wish them to relieve themselves.  Then, give the command you have decided to use for them to toilet. If this stimulates the puppy/dog into the behaviour, once again give plenty of praise.

In the event of any accidents occurring within the home, it is important not only to clean up, but to always have an 'odour eliminator' to hand (various makes on the market - available from your local pet supplies store).  The reason for this is that your puppy/dog will tend to go to the toilet where the scent has previously been left.